- 1 Where did the Ptolemies come from?
- 2 Who had Alexandria designed and why?
- 3 Who controlled Alexandria?
- 4 Was Ptolemy Greek or Macedonian?
- 5 Why did Ptolemy want Egypt?
- 6 What ethnicity were the Ptolemies?
- 7 Who destroyed Alexandria Egypt?
- 8 What was lost in the Library of Alexandria?
- 9 What was Alexandria Egypt called before?
- 10 Who actually built the Library of Alexandria?
- 11 Is Alexandria Egypt safe?
- 12 Did Ptolemy fight with Alexander?
- 13 What did Ptolemy believe?
- 14 What is Ptolemy theory?
Where did the Ptolemies come from?
The Ptolemaic Kingdom (/ˌtɒlɪˈmeɪ. ɪk/; Koinē Greek: Πτολεμαϊκὴ βασιλεία, romanized: Ptolemaïkḕ basileía) was an ancient Hellenistic state based in Egypt. It was founded in 305 BC by Ptolemy I Soter, a companion of Alexander the Great, and lasted until the death of Cleopatra VII in 30 BC.
Who had Alexandria designed and why?
Passing through Egypt, Alexander wanted to build a large Greek city on Egypt’s coast that would bear his name. He chose the site of Alexandria, envisioning the building of a causeway to the nearby island of Pharos that would generate two great natural harbours.
Who controlled Alexandria?
After Alexander left Egypt his viceroy, Cleomenes, continued the creation of Alexandria. With the breakup of the empire upon Alexander’s death in 323 bce, control of the city passed to his viceroy, Ptolemy I Soter, who founded the dynasty that took his name.
Was Ptolemy Greek or Macedonian?
Ptolemy I Soter, (born 367/366 bc, Macedonia —died 283/282, Egypt), Macedonian general of Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (323–285 bc) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which reigned longer than any other dynasty established on the soil of the Alexandrian empire and only succumbed to the Romans in 30
Why did Ptolemy want Egypt?
During Ptolemy’s four-decade rule of Egypt, he would put the country on sound economic and administrative footing. After the death of Cleomenes, Ptolemy I quickly and firmly began to establish himself in Egypt. His sole purpose was to make Egypt great again.
What ethnicity were the Ptolemies?
Ptolemy was Macedonian Greek in origin (he grew up at the royal court of Alexander’s father in Macedonia, the northern part of the Greek peninsula), and established himself as king of Egypt in the convulsive years after Alexander’s death.
Who destroyed Alexandria Egypt?
The first person blamed for the destruction of the Library is none other than Julius Caesar himself. In 48 BC, Caesar was pursuing Pompey into Egypt when he was suddenly cut off by an Egyptian fleet at Alexandria. Greatly outnumbered and in enemy territory, Caesar ordered the ships in the harbor to be set on fire.
What was lost in the Library of Alexandria?
Historians believe that eventually around 700,000 books and scrolls were accrued under the roof of the Library of Alexandria. This was by no means the first library to ever exist, but it was the first to take a fully comprehensive approach to gathering knowledge.
What was Alexandria Egypt called before?
Historians generally agree that Rhakotis, or Râ-Kedet, was a settlement established before the fourth century B.C. in the area subsequently developed as Alexandria.
Who actually built the Library of Alexandria?
1) The ancient library of Alexandria was founded by Demetrius of Phaleon, an Athenian politician who fell from power and fled to Egypt.
Is Alexandria Egypt safe?
Alexandria is somewhat safe and although there is some crime in this city, it’s mostly petty crime and rarely violent. Pickpockets are a problem in Egypt’s major cities, like Alexandria. When it comes to violent crime, it is rare, and you shouldn’t worry too much about being mugged or robbed.
Did Ptolemy fight with Alexander?
Ptolemy served with Alexander from his first campaigns, and was among the seven somatophylakes (bodyguards) of Alexander. He played a principal part in the later campaigns in Afghanistan and India. He participated in the Battle of Issus, commanding troops on the left wing under the authority of Parmenion.
What did Ptolemy believe?
Ptolemy believed that the heavenly bodies’ circular motions were caused by their being attached to unseen revolving solid spheres. For example, an epicycle would be the “equator” of a spinning sphere lodged in the space between two spherical shells surrounding Earth.
What is Ptolemy theory?
The Ptolemaic system was a geocentric system that postulated that the apparently irregular paths of the Sun, Moon, and planets were actually a combination of several regular circular motions seen in perspective from a stationary Earth.