- 1 What did the heretic basilides teach about denying the faith in times of persecution?
- 2 What did Gnosticism teach?
- 3 What is wrong with Gnosticism?
- 4 What did the Gnostics claim?
- 5 What did Clement of Alexandria believe?
- 6 Do Gnostics believe in Jesus?
- 7 Do Gnostics believe in God?
- 8 Are there Gnostics today?
- 9 How is Gnosticism different from Christianity?
- 10 What do modern Gnostics believe?
- 11 Who started Gnosticism?
- 12 Do Gnostics believe in sin?
- 13 What is the oldest religion?
- 14 What Gnostic means?
What did the heretic basilides teach about denying the faith in times of persecution?
Eusebius of Caesarea is quoting Agrippa Castor, when he states that Basilides: “taught also that the eating of meat offered to idols and the unguarded renunciation of the faith in times of persecution were matters of indifference”.
What did Gnosticism teach?
Gnosticism is the belief that human beings contain a piece of God (the highest good or a divine spark) within themselves, which has fallen from the immaterial world into the bodies of humans. All physical matter is subject to decay, rotting, and death.
What is wrong with Gnosticism?
Gnostics were problematic because they believed that individuals received “knowledge” (gnosis) by direct revelation through the scriptures, visions, etc. Gnostics also tended to read the bible allegorically or at the very least as a source of revelation, not as a literal story.
What did the Gnostics claim?
And Gnostics were people who claimed to know something special. This knowledge could be a knowledge of a person, the kind of personal acquaintance that a mystic would have with the divine. The claim to have some sort of special knowledge was not confined to any particular group in the second century.
What did Clement of Alexandria believe?
Like the pistic Christians (those who claimed that man was saved by faith, which was to be demonstrated in legalistic and moral terms), Clement held that faith was the basis of salvation; but, unlike them, he claimed that faith was also the basis of gnōsis, a spiritual and mystical knowledge.
Do Gnostics believe in Jesus?
Jesus is identified by some Gnostics as an embodiment of the supreme being who became incarnate to bring gnōsis to the earth, while others adamantly denied that the supreme being came in the flesh, claiming Jesus to be merely a human who attained enlightenment through gnosis and taught his disciples to do the same.
Do Gnostics believe in God?
Gnostics believed that God didn’t set out to create the world. God’s emanation created the first beings, called Aeons, who were less than God but still powerful and possessed a great deal of the divine spark. They lived with God in Pleroma, the realm of divine fullness.
Are there Gnostics today?
Gnosticism in modern times includes a variety of contemporary religious movements, stemming from Gnostic ideas and systems from ancient Roman society. The Mandaeans are an ancient Gnostic sect still active in Iran and Iraq with small communities in other parts of the world.
How is Gnosticism different from Christianity?
Gnostics were dualists and worshipped two (or more) gods; Christians were monists and worshipped one God. Gnostics focused on eradication of ignorance; Christian concern was the eradication of sin.
What do modern Gnostics believe?
The Gnostics believed that individuals could attain mystical knowledge through divine revelation. They were a holy, impractical bunch who largely rejected this world as flawed – some saw it as the creation of the Devil – and so sought through asceticism, celibacy and fasting to hasten death and reunion with God.
Who started Gnosticism?
The designation gnosticism is a term of modern scholarship. It was first used by the English poet and philosopher of religion Henry More (1614–87), who applied it to the religious groups referred to in ancient sources as gnostikoi (Greek: “those who have gnosis, or ‘knowledge’ ”).
Do Gnostics believe in sin?
Therefore, although Gnostics, like other Christians, find salvation through the messages of Jesus, Gnostics seek salvation not from sin but from “the ignorance of which sin is a consequence.” The gnostics believe that the evil creator God and his angels cause this ignorance.
What is the oldest religion?
The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.
What Gnostic means?
: the thought and practice especially of various cults of late pre-Christian and early Christian centuries distinguished by the conviction that matter is evil and that emancipation comes through gnosis.