- 1 Who established the school of Alexandria?
- 2 Who lived in Alexandria during the Hellenistic period?
- 3 Why was Alexandria important during the Hellenistic period?
- 4 What subjects were taught at the Royal School of Alexandria?
- 5 Who are the Alexandrians?
- 6 How did Alexandria become a major center of learning?
- 7 Why is Alexandria underwater?
- 8 What was the original name of Alexandria?
- 9 What is the capital of Alexandria?
- 10 What was the Hellenistic period known for?
- 11 What was a major effect of the Library of Alexandria?
- 12 What started the Hellenistic period?
- 13 Why did Julius Caesar burn the Library of Alexandria?
- 14 How much was lost in the Library of Alexandria?
- 15 Did Caesar burn the library at Alexandria?
Who established the school of Alexandria?
According to Jerome the Alexandrian school was founded by John Mark the Apostle. The earliest recorded dean was supposedly Athenagoras (176). He was succeeded by Pantaenus 181, who was succeeded as head of the school by his student Clement of Alexandria in 190.
Who lived in Alexandria during the Hellenistic period?
Greek scholars, Roman emperors, Jewish leaders, fathers of the Christian Church, mathematicians, philosophers, scientists, poets, and other intellectuals flocked to Alexandria. One of the main attractions was the Alexandrian Library and Museum.
Why was Alexandria important during the Hellenistic period?
the Egyptian city of Alexandria became the foremost center of commerce and Hellenistic civilization. Alexandria occupied a strategic site on the western edge of the Nile delta. Trade ships from all around the Mediterranean docked in its spacious harbor. Alexandria’s thriving commerce enabled it to grow and prosper.
What subjects were taught at the Royal School of Alexandria?
Large amounts of epic poetry and works on geography, history, mathematics, astronomy, philosophy, and medicine were composed in Alexandria during this period.
Who are the Alexandrians?
a native or inhabitant of Alexandria, especially Alexandria, Egypt.
How did Alexandria become a major center of learning?
Answer Expert Verified. Alexandria became a major source of learning due to education resources found there. Considered as the intellectual capital of the world, it had one of the best and most extensive libraries in the world which in the third century BC was said to contain 500, 000 volumes.
Why is Alexandria underwater?
The ancient underwater ruins of Cleopatra sunk into the sea more than 1500 years ago. Historians believe that things like earthquakes and tidal waves caused the downfall of Cleopatra’s palace.
What was the original name of Alexandria?
Alexandria was founded by Alexander the Great in April 331 BC as Ἀλεξάνδρεια (Alexandreia). Passing through Egypt, Alexander wanted to build a large Greek city on Egypt’s coast that would bear his name.
What is the capital of Alexandria?
Once among the greatest cities of the Mediterranean world and a centre of Hellenic scholarship and science, Alexandria was the capital of Egypt from its founding by Alexander the Great in 332 bce until its surrender to the Arab forces led by ʿAmr ibn al-ʿĀṣ in 642 ce.
What was the Hellenistic period known for?
The Hellenistic period was characterized by a new wave of Greek colonization which established Greek cities and kingdoms in Asia and Africa. This resulted in the export of Greek culture and language to these new realms, spanning as far as modern-day India.
What was a major effect of the Library of Alexandria?
It provided ships with a safe route to the city and increased trade relationships. It contained scrolls from many cultures, so students built on old knowledge and spread new ideas. It only allowed Greek scholars in the building, which resulted in them becoming an advanced culture.
What started the Hellenistic period?
The three centuries of Greek history between the death of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great in 323 B.C.E. and the rise of Augustus in Rome in 31 B.C.E. are collectively known as the Hellenistic period (1).
Why did Julius Caesar burn the Library of Alexandria?
Ammianus Marcellinus thought that it happened when the city was sacked under Caesar, and Caesar himself reported the burning of Alexandria as an accidental consequence of his war against his great rival Pompey, in 48–47 BCE.
How much was lost in the Library of Alexandria?
Historians believe that eventually around 700,000 books and scrolls were accrued under the roof of the Library of Alexandria. This was by no means the first library to ever exist, but it was the first to take a fully comprehensive approach to gathering knowledge.
Did Caesar burn the library at Alexandria?
Throughout its near 1,000-year history, the library was burned multiple times. According to Plutarch, the first person to blame is Julius Caesar. On his pursuit of Pompey into Egypt in 48 BCE, Caesar was cut off by a large fleet of Egyptian boats in the harbor of Alexandria. He ordered the boats to be burned.